Hanuman is also known as the "son of the Wind," but the wind merely carried Shiva's ejaculate to the womb of his wife, Anjana. To mature the seed, both took the form of Vanaras. Thus, Hanuman was borne to the form of a Vanara as well.
The Vanara (literally a term that means both "is it a human?" [vav-nara] and "forest people" [vana-nara]) are often portrayed as proto-human monkeys: due to the extreme age of the story, these stories may in fact contain the impressions our ancestors had of the several species (now-extinct) of other hominids that co-inhabited lands together.
The stories are filled with numerous similar forms of parentage: when a person desired children, and could not otherwise obtain pregnancy, they availed themselves of surrogacy (if the female was infertile or subfertile), insemination (if the male was infertile or subfertile), or adoption (adoption was undertaken for other reasons, as well: compassion, not least among them). The relationship of parent and child, like that of spouses and even consorts, was one which was entered into by choice, or a purpose.
Beyond time and space, Shiva's "brother" Vishnu had taken female form of Mohini to attack the Asuras in defense of the Devas. Mohini's weapon was seduction (the only weapon to which the Asuras were vulnerable at that moment), but Vishnu was uncertain of whether s/he had mastered the weapon, as Vishnu had not yet used it. So, Mohini asked Shiva to permit a challenge: Shiva's self-control was beyond comparison, and if Mohini could seduce Shiva, then Mohini had nothing to worry about in her attack on the Asuras. Shiva instantly was seduced, and called for the help of Gauri, Shiva's ardhangini. Even with Gauri's help, Shiva could not withstand Mohini. Gauri even merged with Shiva, and even in this bisexual/asexual state, Shiva could not withstand Mohini. Thus, Hanuman may be understood to be the product of Mohini's victory. That Mohini could not become pregnant at that time (Vishnu was going off to war, after all) did not mean that the seed should be wasted: Vayu rescued the semen before it fell to the earth, and both Vayu and Anjana being a devotee of Shiva, and Vishnu, they desired to mature that seed.
The name "Hanuman" connotes the destruction of pride: Shiva was utterly defeated and humiliated by Vishnu. Hanuman's humility is one of his greatest assets in all his challenges: understanding he is limited in his ability to grow stronger and smarter, understanding his limitations, he is able to work around them. He is famous for generalizations (like bringing a mountain of herbs when he did not know how to identify the correct one needed), and non-methodical leaps across oceans and voids - and logic. His undefeated persistence earns him success. He is loyal, and loving, being unable, it is by humbly serving those who are able that he earns greater honor than he might on his own - and gains greater ability than they have. By the end of his life he has mastered every art and science - simply because he was willing to learn them. And throughout his life, he is drawn toward and loves Vishnu (Rama).
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